What Are Frac Tanks?

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Posted by JR Olson | Posted in natural resources | Posted on 26-11-2014

A frac tank is a mobile steel storage tank mainly used in the oil and gas industries. The word “frac” comes from hydraulic fracturing, a process that allows natural gas to flow from shale into a production well. A mixture of water, sand and other additives is pumped at high pressure down a wellbore. The pressure creates fractures through which the natural gas escapes. A frac job for one well usually needs two to three million gallons of water and about one million pounds of sand. When multiple wells are located at the same site, the amounts of water, sand and other ingredients increase proportionately. Frac tanks are used for both the frac fluid mixture that is pumped into the wells and for capturing the flow-back water afterward.

Types of Frac Tanks

Frac tanks are generally rectangular and hold four to six hundred barrels of fluid. Some frac tanks are carried on flatbed trucks, while others are self-contained semi-trailers with their own wheels. These have integrated ladders and rails for the safety of workers and can easily be hauled from well site to well site. Many service and rental companies use standardized models so that many frac tanks can be connected and used together. Flow-back storage tanks are modified to handle higher pressures. A new variation, the gas buster tank, prevents explosions by venting built-up gas. Because some frac tanks are used in northern Canada and other extremely cold areas, they have been designed for cold weather. Some have heaters, while others have spray-on insulation that maintains water temperature above freezing. In addition, though warm-weather frac tanks have external manifolds, those in colder climates have internal manifolds to limit exposure to the cold.

Procuring and Maintaining Frac Tanks

Generally, contractors rent frac tanks from service companies that provide fleets of equipment for use in drilling operations. A standard frac tank lasts eight to twelve years, but with the application of chemically resistant interior coating and high-quality paint, damage is reduced and the unit can last longer. Many rental companies equip frac tanks with GPS tracking to prevent theft and facilitate relocation according to demand from customers.

Drawbacks of Frac Tank Use

When multiple frac tanks are needed at a site and the tank sizes do not exactly match, the tanks must be leveled manually with forklifts. The same hoses must be fitted securely to prevent leaks. To check fluid levels on mismatched tanks, operators must continually climb up and down stairs, losing time in the process. Most drawbacks to the hydraulic fracturing process involve not the frac tanks but the overall procedure itself. Hydraulic fracturing uses tremendous amounts of water. Though flow-back fluids have been known to leak and contaminate drinking water, the leakage has not been from frac tanks but rather from containment pits the fluids are stored in on a permanent basis. For this reason, in many locations pits dug into the earth are being phased out and replaced with aboveground storage facilities.

Though the vast majority of frac tanks are used in the oil and gas industry, they are also used for other purposes. Paper mills, refineries and chemical plants use frac tanks. In addition, municipal treatment plants temporarily store sewage waste in frac tanks while the plants are being overhauled.

Byline

Marty Colton is a freelance home improvement, environmental science, construction, energy conservation and renovation blogger based in Seattle, WA. Those who may need a frac tank in the near future may want to look at the used models from Dragon Products.

Why You Should Never Feel Ashamed to Seek Help

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Posted by JR Olson | Posted in Health And Fitness | Posted on 25-11-2014

If you suffer from an alcohol, narcotic, or drug addiction, and are ready to begin your steps to recovery, you may find that you feel ashamed asking for the help you need. This may be because you have gone to great lengths to shield your addiction from your friends, family members, and colleagues, or because you are beating yourself up for allowing yourself to succumb to an addiction. If embarrassment or shame is keeping you from getting the help you need, don’t let it any longer, and consider the factors below.

It Is Often The Most Impact Full Step You Can Take

When it comes to addiction, admitting that you have a problem is the first and most important step toward recovery. Once someone owns their addiction, they can begin focusing on ways to overcome it. While it is possible to overcome addictions independently, seeking out professional assistance will provide you with tools and resources to give you the best chance of success. This could be anything from helping you manage your withdrawals, joining a support group with others in recovery, and participating in talk therapy.

It Will Help To Identify Your Triggers

As an addict there are sure to be circumstances that led to your addiction, and triggers that increase your desire for your drug of choice. By working through the emotional circumstances that may have led to your addiction, and identifying specific triggers, you can begin to be redefine who you are emotionally, and look for ways to overcome your triggers.

Your Loved Ones May Not Be The Support You Need

The truth is there are many addictions out there, and some are far more difficult for your loved ones to comprehend than others. For example, you may have an obese family member with a food or sugar addiction, and still find that they are extremely judgmental of your drug or alcohol use. While there are differences between the effects these addictions have on others, the one thing they both have in common is that addiction is very difficult to overcome. If you have loved ones saying things like, “Just set your mind to it” or “Stop throwing your life away”, it can be damaging to your self-esteem. Even if their intentions are good, their approach may not help you work toward finding a solution. You may also have reached the point where certain bridges have been burned, and your loved ones are no longer available for the healthy level of support that you need.

You Must Begin Putting Yourself First

As an addict you may have come to the point where the most important thing in your day-to-day life is your need for your drug of choice. Your addiction may have damaged your personal and professional life, at the expense of your health and wellbeing. While you may feel embarrassed or ashamed to ask for help in overcoming your addiction, getting help is the best way to put yourself first.

Byline

Mark Carter is a freelance health blogger based in San Antonio, Texas. Houstonians in need of professional assistance in the area of rehabilitation should consider a leading drug detox center.

Why You Should Build Your Own Gazebo

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Posted by JR Olson | Posted in Other - Home & Garden | Posted on 25-11-2014

If you are looking for ways to upgrade and enhance your yard, you may be considering building your own gazebo. A gazebo may sound at first like a formal addition to your yard, but they can be built from a wide variety of building plans and with the built-in features and functions that best fit your needs and style. Even if you already have a patio or deck for your outdoor entertainment, adding a gazebo comes with many benefits.

Beauty

The primary difference between gazebos and a standard covered patio or deck is that gazebos have an added touch of elegance. By creatively selecting the paint color of your gazebo, the color and type of roof shingles, and internal furniture and décor—you can create a beautiful structure for your outdoor leisure and entertainment needs. While traditional gazebos have a round or octagon-like shape, you can look for building plans that offer unique shapes, creative elevation, and multiple entrances and exits to best meet your design aesthetic.

Additional Function

Whether your gazebo is large or small, it will add versatility and functionality to your yard. When you are looking at different plans to decide which type of gazebo you would like to build, you may be surprised to find that gazebos can be built with many different elements to best support the functionality you desire. This could be anything from an open-air gazebo to a semi-enclosed gazebo to a fully enclosed gazebo to a screened-in gazebo or a gazebo designed for a specific function like outdoor dining or meditation.

Increased Property Value

Your gazebo will be considered an additional structure on your property as well as an additional landscaping element—which increases your property value. Once you build your gazebo, ensure that you perform regular maintenance just as you would on any other element of your home. This includes keeping it clean, pressure washing periodically, repainting as needed, and ensuring the foundation and structure are sound. This will help protect the investment you have made in your gazebo and ensure that it is a valuable addition to your home.

Great for Yards of All Sizes

Even if your yard is on the smaller side, adding a gazebo can be quite beneficial. For example, if you have a fairly small yard and not much of a green thumb, you could build a gazebo instead of investing your time and energy into adding more landscape elements. That way your yard has a beautiful focal point, and you can focus more on decorating your gazebo and less on planting flowerbeds and gardens. On the other end of the spectrum, if you have a large yard that goes primarily unused, adding a decorative pathway to a large gazebo can increase the options you and your family have for entertaining outdoors. A gazebo can be the primary focal point of your outdoor space, or it can be a way for you to break up different areas of your yard.

Before you build your gazebo, ensure that you have all the building permits that are required by the city or county, and ensure that your building practices are in compliance with all local building codes.

Byline

Perry Burke is a freelance writer based in Toronto, CA. Houston residents who’ve considered a gazebo may also want to consider one of the professionally-installed pergolas in Houston by wood-crafters.com.